ANCIENT GREEK OINOCHOE/OLPE
Measurements: 13.6 cm – height, 8.9 cm – diameter, at the widest point
Description: A light brown clay Gnathian oinochoe/olpe featuring a black gloss body with additional painted decoration in dark red, white and “gold”. A short pyriform shape with a larger body tapering into a short, wide neck and inverted wider rim. One small, oval handle reaching from middle of the neck to the top of the belly. Body rests on a foot, indented with a groove. Black gloss covers the whole flask until the foot, which is decorated with red paint and natural clay colour. The belly is covered with vertical fluting, interrupted by a narrow band of painted “gold” circular pattern known as astragalus pattern. Fluted body was a common feature of Gnathian ware, however this vessel is unusual in its shape. With its rounded belly, it reminds of an aryballos, yet the size is more suited to a small oinochoe, without the flaring mouth. It was likely used as a wine jug. An ochre leaf pattern appears on the neck. The vase also features various painted lines of white and dark red.
Reference: Smith, A. H., Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (British Museum no. 1, Great Britain no. 1), Pl. 8, Fig. 12.
Hayes, J. W., Greek and Italian black-gloss wares and related wares in the Royal Ontario Museum, 1984, no. 240.
Period: 4th – 3rd cent. BC
Condition: Excellent condition, complete and intact. Pigments bright and vivid.
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