ROMAN BRONZE RING WITH ROOSTER
Measurements: 2.1 cm − external diameter, 1.8 cm − internal diameter
Description: A Roman bronze ring with D-shaped hoop, lozengiform bezel engraved with a rooster, standing on the ground facing left with an incised crest and plumage. Two incised stars flank the bird. Its size indicates that this ring was likely worn as decorative jewellery. Suitable for modern wear.
The cockerel was of symbolic importance in Gaul at the time of the invasion of Julius Caesar and was associated with the god Lugus. Julius Caesar in his De Bello Gallico identified six gods worshipped in Gaul, by the usual conventions of interpretatio romana: giving the names of nearest Roman equivalents rather than their Gaulish names. He said that "Mercury" was the god most revered in Gaul, describing him as patron of trade and commerce, protector of travellers, and the inventor of all the arts. Hence, the association between Mercury and the rooster in ancient Rome possibly has roots in Gallic conquest. In statuary, a rooster is often depicted flanking Mercury.
Period: 1st - 3rd century AD
Condition: Very fine, with attractive dark green patination over the whole and minor indentations.