GANDHARAN BUDDHA GAUTAMA HEAD
Measurements: 14 cm - height, 9 cm - width
Description: An extremely fine Gandharan head of Buddha Gautama, the Buddha of the Present, carved from schist stone and featuring downcast, reflective eyes. The statue presents some of the Laksana, the traditional physical signs, which express spiritual perfection in Gandharan art, such as the Usnia, the top-knot hairstyle, and the Urna, the dot placed on the forehead between the eyes. The fragment was likely once part of a large-scale narrative panel modelled in high relief: the flat surface on the reverse indicates that the head was attached to a surface behind it, rather than free standing.
Buddha Gautama is the Buddha who has reached enlightment and upon whose teachings the religion was founded.
Gandharan art is nearly exclusively related to Buddhism and is the result of the fusion of various cultural influences, Indian, Iranian and Hellenistic, which reached the North-West of the Indian continent, approximately modern Pakistan, and Afghanistan between the 1st century BC and the 4th-5th century AD. The Hellenistic influence especially contributed to soften the features of the statues and enhance realism in the style. Some great evidence of this influence also shows in the naturalistic treatment of the hair, which is an essential trait of Hellenistic sculpture.
Period: 2nd -4th century AD
Condition: Very fine, some minor chips on the nose and chin. The statue is mounted on a custom-made stand.