CHOICE OF THUTMOSE III SCARABS
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Measurements: item A: 1.6 cm – length, item B: 1.8 cm - length
Description: A selection of steatite scarabs, each with a cartouche of Thutmose III, from the renowned Mustaki collection. These scarabs feature a shen hieroglyph more commonly known as a cartouche. It is shaped like a loop of the rope in which a pharaoh’s name is written and serves to protect that name. Thutmose III was the sixth pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. During the first 22 years of his reign, he was a co-regent with his aunt and stepmother, Hatshepsut. Scarab A is incised with hieroglyphs related to Amon Ra, the chief god of the Egyptian Empire. Firstly, there is a ram-headed sphinx wearing an Atef crown with ostrich feathers. On the left side is the partial inscription of the name of Amon Ra, while on the right is a royal cartouche, containing the name, title and epithets of Thutmose III.
Scarab B is decorated with the kneeling Egyptian god of eternity – Heh – holding palm stems in both hands. A small ankh is incised next to him, a symbol of life. In Egyptian mythology, Heh is a personification of infinity or eternity. Depictions of Heh were also used in hieroglyphs to represent ‘million’ or ‘millions’. Thus he is also known as the ‘god of millions of years’. Above Heh is a cartouche containing the name, title and epithets of Thutmose III. The pieces are longitudinally pierced and suitable for wear. The price is per individual item. Please e-mail with the letter of your preferential scarab prior to purchase.
References: For scarab A: The Metropolitan Museum
Scarab B: The Metropolitan Museum
Provenance: From the Gustave Mustaki collection, a collector of antiquities who amassed a large collection in Alexandria (Egypt). Mustaki was an avid collector in the early 20th century and his collection came to the UK under the Egyptian export license in 1947. Many of his pieces are in major museums worldwide, including the British Museum, the Getty Museum and the Egyptian State Museum. We have purchased over 1700 scarabs from this collection and many of these were catalogued by Carol Andrews (formerly Egyptian Department in the British Museum).
Period: 18th Dynasty (1479 – 1425 BC)
Condition: Very fine. Minor chipping and crazing on the surface.