EGYPTIAN CHALCEDONY MACE
Measurements: 5.4 cm - height
Description: A fine piriform shaped mace, made of grey chalcedony with an onyx vein. The piece is pierced for mounting on a wooden club. This rounded pear form of mace head known as a ‘piriform’ replaced the disc mace in the Naqada II period of pre-dynastic Upper Egypt (3600 – 3250 BC) and was used throughout the Naqada III period (3250 - 3100 BC). Maces were extensively used in Egypt and neighbouring Canaan from the middle of the 4th millennium BC to the middle of the 3rd . Using the mace required a rather great physical force. In many places, even its usage was abandoned by military, it remained a symbol of power for the rulers. For instance, in Karnak reliefs, Seti I was depicted on foot wielding a mace, smiting his enemies.
Period: Predynastic period. 3600 – 3100 BC (Naqada II and Naqada III)
Condition: Very fine, intact.