EGYPTIAN FAIENCE SHABTI
Measurements: 12.7 cm − height, 3.2 cm − width
Description: A large glazed faience shabti in pale turquoise, blue and brown, featuring a dorsal pillar, tripartite wig and plaited beard. The arms are crossed right to left on the chest; the hands protrude from a close fitting shroud to hold a pick in the right hand and a hoe and the chord for a seed basket in the left hand. The seed basket is suspended behind the left shoulder. A T-band of hieroglyphs runs down the body.
Shabtis are small mummy-shaped figures often inscribed with titles and names, sometimes including parentage of the person that made them as a part of funerary equipment. This one is of the fairly standard size that is 10-20 cm in height. Shabtis are the most numerous of all Egyptian antiquities. They were made of various materials and were produced from 2000 to 30 BC. The changes in their iconography relates to the changes in the designs of coffins. In the period to which this shabti belongs they have become known as ushebtis, 'answerers', and were mostly inscribed with Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead.
Reference: Janes, G., Shabtis, a private view, 2002, type 6 and no. 96.
Period: 30th Dynasty, BC 380-343
Condition: Very fine, intact, discolouration of the faience towards the base, clear hieroglyphic signs and some crazing to the surface glaze.