EGYPTIAN SERPENTINE HORUS FALCON
Measurements: 4.1 cm – height, 3.7 cm - width
Description: An exquisite dark grey-green serpentine amulet of Horus in a shape of falcon. Depicted standing on an integral trapezoidal base, finely modelled and executed, featuring the head with prominent eyes and clearly defined facial markings, and characteristic small rounded beak, with long talons, the wings held close to the body, decorated with a feather pattern, the tips crossed over behind, the plinth shaped to accommodate the wing tips and tail feathers. It has a loop on the back suggesting its use as a pendant.
Even though the falcon had been a sacred animal for a number of cults, such as those of a war god Montu or later a sun god Ra, the predatory character and strength of its flight made this bird an animalistic representation of a deity of the living king, Horus, quite early in the pharaonic tradition. With his parents, Osiris and Isis, Horus formed one of the most important divine triad closely connected to the royal cult. Commonly depicted as a man with falcon’s head Horus quite often wears Double Crown with uraeus what reinforces its connection to the royalty. The pharaoh was considered a descendant and an earthly representation of Horus.
Reference: R.H. Blanchard; Handbook of Egyptian Gods and Mummy amulets, 1909, Pl. 19, Fig. 74.
Period: circa 6th - 1st cent. BC
Condition: Very fine.