The scarab was one of the most popular ancient Egyptian amulets, used as pieces of jewellery, commemorative items and seals, and magical amulets offering protection and good fortune. The scarab was thought to represent the sun god Ra. As the sun travels across the sky from day to night, the ancient Egyptians believed that the scarab beetle rolling its ball of dung across the desert mirrored this. This scarab comprises an engraving of the hieroglyph of the feather of Maat, the Ancient Egyptian goddess of truth and justice whose feather was balanced against the heart on the scale during the ceremony of the weighing of the heart in the underworld.
To learn more about the feather of Maat and the heart weighing ceremony, visit our relevant blog post: The Egyptian Ceremony of the the Weighing of the Heart.