GREEK HELLENISTIC GOLD PENDANT
Measurements: 1.7 cm – length, 1.54 g - weight
Description: A beautiful Greek Hellenistic gold pendant with banded carnelian. The stone is of bright orange colour with white veins on one side and light creamy colour on the other. The stone is inserted into a gold pendant base decorated with granulation. This pendant was likely a part of a larger ensemble, possibly a necklace.
The word ‘carnelian’ is a 16th century corruption of the 14th century word ‘cornelian’ which comes from the Latin word cornum, the cornel cherry, whose translucent fruits resemble the stone. ‘Carnelian’ is known as a newer variation, coming from the Latin word carneus, which means fleshy, a reference to the colour of the stone. Carnelian was recovered from Bronze Age Minoan layers at Knossos on Crete in a form that demonstrated its use in decorative arts. It was used widely during Roman Empire to make engraved gems for signet or seal rings because hot wax does not stick to carnelian.
Period: 2nd -1st century BC
Condition: Very fine, intact. Minor encrustations on the surface, small chip and imperfections to the stone.