Measurements: 12 cm length, 4.9 cm height, 12 cm height (with stand)


Description: A Canaanite bronze socketed D-shaped axe head consisting of a semicircular tongue-shaped cutting blade, decorated with two incised channels, two elliptical countersunk apertures between a fortifying strut that supports the blade and an oval-sectioned shaft hole. This axe head is in the style from Hazor, described in the book of Joshua as the most prominent of the Canaanite city-states and the site of an important victory in the Israelites’ conquest of the Promised Land. It is characteristic of the Middle Bronze Age I throughout the Levant. The type developed from the crescentic axe typical of the Early Bronze Age IV in this region. This items comes mounted on a custom-made wooden stand.


Reference: The British Museum

Detroit Institute of Arts

Moorey, P. R. S., 1971, Catalogue of the Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum, p. 56, fig. 8.

Golden, J. M., 2004, Ancient Canaan and Israel: New Perspectives, p. 221, fig. 9.6c.

Brown, A. C., 1987, Antiquities from Europe and the Near East in the Collection of the Lord McAlpine of West Green, p. 128, fig. 17.13.


Period: Early Middle Bronze Age I, ca. 1950 – 1750 BC


Condition: Very fine, with light green patination and minor chipping and encrustations over the whole.


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