MESOPOTAMIAN CALCITE TWO-HEADED POMMEL
Measurements: height – 2.6 cm, width – 4.4 cm
Description: A carved calcite alabaster pommel in a shape of two heads. Pierced in the middle; each with an oval face with incised features: pronounced slightly curved lips, flattened nose with accentuated alas and elongated bridge flowing in elegant manner into swing of eyebrows, deep eye sockets, high forehead and visible ears on strong thick neck. One head has delicate glass eye inlays with blue pupils and two drilled holes in the middle on the top of the forehead, while the other has a series of holes starting from the hair line and further back over the surface, some with the traces of glass inlays and bitumen, indented for extra attachments such as plaster or bitumen wig or headdress.
In the ancient Mesopotamia alabaster was used for making bowls and jars for the religious and royal needs, decorative elements and statuettes depicting deities and offering-bearers, and on a larger scale for the monumental palace reliefs and statuary. This rare example served possibly as a pommel of a dagger or similar item.
Reference: The British Museum
Period: 2nd to 1st century BC
Condition: Very fine. Some inlays missing.