Terracotta plaques, such as this fine example, were extremely common in Ancient Mesopotamia, being excavated not only in temples but also in private homes, as part of domestic shrines. Decorative motifs included depictions of rulers, priests, zoomorphic creatures and deities. Bearded male figures holding maces and facing deities, appear engraved on cylinder seals of the same period. This specific plaque has been dated to the Isin-Larsa period (circa 2025-1763 BC), a short period in ancient Mesopotamia later integrated in the Old Babylonian Empire. As the last Sumerian ruling power in Mesopotamia, artistic production of the Isin-Larsa period had a great influence on Old Babylonian art.
To discover more about Ancient Mesopotamian civilisations, please visit our relevant post: Civilisations of the Ancient Near East.