This delicate figurine presents the mythological figures of Jupiter, as an eagle, and the goddess Amalthea, represented as a young goat. Within the corpus of ancient mythology, Amalthea is represented as both a young goat or a nymph, who used the milk of a goat to feed the infant god, saving him from being consumed by his father Kronus. According to a Cretan legend, it was prophesied that Kronus would be defeated by his children. Attempting to change his fate, he swallowed them up, one by one. The only child to survive the ordeal was Zeus, swapped for a swaddled stone by his mother, Rhea. Zeus, or Jupiter as the Romans adopted, was hidden in a Cretan cave and raised by Amalthea. Once he came of age, the god exacted revenge, killing Kronus and the Titans and releasing his siblings from their human prison.
Artistically, Amalthea was represented as both a human nymph, beside a goat, or as the animal itself.