Fibulae are ancient brooches and their purpose was not merely ornamental as they originally served a practical function, as clothing fasteners for gaments such as cloaks or togae. They ranged from very simple designs to extremely opulent and detailed crafts. They were usually metal, ranging from gold to silver to bronze. This type of fibula was particularly popular amongst Roman soldiers.
To learn more about the different types of fibulae, visit our relevant blog post: Roman and Celtic Fibulae.