The extremely sophisticated technique of engraving of gemstones was one of the most luxurious art forms in the Ancient World. Furthermore, in Ancient Roman culture gemstones were amongst the most expensive and lavish objects and were prized above all other possessions. The motif of the crater full of fruits and branches of laurel, is typical of the funeral repertoire during the Imperial Age. Such depictions would have been used as a symbol of rebirth and fertility.
To discover more about jewellery in the Ancient World, please visit our relevant post: Jewellery in Antiquity.