The Neo-Hittite civilisation, also known as Syro-Hittite, existed during the Iron Age in northern Syria and Southern Anatolia, modern day southern Turkey. The Hittite empire collapsed around 1180 BC and fragmented in many minor states, collectively named Syro-Hittite states. Along with the fall of the empire, most of the Eastern Mediterranean trade networks ceased to exist, involving in this fall some of the major late Bronze Age cities in the area.
Many of these small bronzes would have served as votive offerings for cult worship, though they did not represent the cult images themselves. They would have been placed prominently amongst other statues, pottery, jewellery, and weapons, in order to gain the favour of relevant supernatural forces. If not displayed publicly, these bronze statuettes might have served as idols in private homes.